It should not introduce any new material, but should address how the aims of the study have been met. The discussion should use previous research work and theoretical concepts as the context in which the new study can be interpreted.
This will demonstrate how the study is capable of achieving its aims. Review Methods A published critiquing tool has been applied. Reading a single article can act as a springboard into researching the topic more widely and aids in ensuring your nursing practice remains current and is supported by existing literature.
The published paper reported on findings from a study exploring the characteristics of nurses in abortion care. Were there threats to the reliability and validity of the study and were these controlled for?
If a trial was undertaken, was it randomised, case controlled, blinded or double-blinded? Design The qualitative paper chosen for the critique is a grounded theory design and the research terms and terminology associated with this method such as symbolic interactionism are defined. Keywords Three to six keywords that encapsulate the main topics Guide critiquing research papers the research will have been drawn from the body of the article.
It comprises two stages, the first of which centres on the believability of the research. Materials and Methods Similar to a recipe, the description of materials and methods will allow others to replicate the study elsewhere if needed.
Things to consider in this section are: There were any major omissions in the results, which could indicate bias Percentages have been used to disguise small sample sizes The data generated is consistent with the data collected Negative results are just as relevant as research that produces positive results but as mentioned previously may be omitted in publication due to editorial bias.
These have become core skills to acquire since implementing up to date evidence is the cornerstone of contemporary nursing practice.
References These should be relevant to the study, be up to date, and should provide a comprehensive list of citations within the text. It was chosen because it is pragmatic, clearly laid out and accessible as full text to the people likely to need it.
Performing your own critical analysis of an article allows you to consider its value to you and to your workplace. Discussion This should show insight into the meaning and significance of the research findings.
You will need to evaluate whether the author has clearly interpreted the results of the study, or whether the results could be interpreted another way.
The second stage is more detailed and examines the research process and establishes the credibility of the research in its application to practice. Communication difficulties arise even when a translator is available, and non-verbal messages may be missed by the patient or even by the health professional.
Unfortunately this is not always the case. There may also be recommendations for further research. Graphs and tables should be clear and promote clarity of the text. What were the strengths and weaknesses of the study? Objectives Explain the various stages of critiquing using a published guide.
Final Thoughts Undertaking a critique of a research article may seem challenging at first, but will help you to evaluate whether the article has relevance to your own practice and workplace. Results Results should be statistically analysed and presented in a way that the average reader of the journal will understand.
Were there any obvious biases? Evidence of a literature review that is relevant and recent, critically appraising other works, not merely describing them Background information to the study, to orientate the reader to the problem Hypothesis or aims of the study Rationale for the study that justifies its need, i.
Surely the article will be of good quality if it has made it through the peer review process? Outcome Develop critical and analytical skills through methodically appraising the merits of published research.
Any limitations of the study, including bias, should be clearly presented. What proportion of the eligible sample participated? Previous article in issue. Conclusion Nursing as an evidence-based profession requires nurses at both pre- and post-registration levels to be able to understand, synthesise and critique research, this being a fundamental part of many nursing curricula.
Publication bias can occur when editors only accept manuscripts that have a bearing on the direction of their own research, or reject manuscripts with negative findings.
Conclusions These should be clearly stated and will only be valid if the study was reliable, valid and used a representative sample size. It should both contain and justify the exact specifications of selection criteria, sample size, response rate and any statistics used.A guide to critiquing a research paper.
Methodological appraisal of a paper on nurses in abortion care Article in Nurse Education Today 40(3) · January with Reads. Ryan, F, Coughlan, M & Cronin, P‘Step- by-step guide to critiquing research. Part 2: qualitative research’, British Journal of Nursing, vol. 16, no. 12, pp.
Stockhausen L & Conrick, M‘Making sense of research: a guide for critiquing a paper’, Contemporary Nurse, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. Sample summary & critique papers These examples are reproduced from Writing in Biology.
Jan Pechenik, Tufts University. Explanatory text following examples by BC O’Donnell ([email protected]) 1) Example Summary of Primary Research Paper Adult beetles (Phyllodecta laticollis), found in Norway, are exposed to sub.
MEDLINE Abstract. Printer-Friendly the reader how to critique a published research paper. The second aim is to take the reader through the various stages of critiquing using a guide.
In the. View Notes - Step-by-step-guide to critic quant research_1 from NUR NR at Chamberlain College of Nursing. Step'by-step guide to critiquing research.
Part 1: quantitative research Michaei. How To Critique A Journal Article Sponsored by The Center for Teaching and Learning at UIS Last Edited 4/9/ Page 1 of 2 So your assignment is to critique a journal article. This handout will give you a few guidelines to In addition, here are some questions that are more specific to empirical/research articles.