John Germov states that the education system is a product of a class society and that every society must reproduce itself using its social institutions. Like Marx, Weber recognized the important role of property in giving rise to status group.
It follows that the division of Class system in uk essay into classes on the basis of status is unavoidable. Education is a means in which individuals seek social mobility. Weber also saw as important in the formation of social groups the concepts of status and parties.
Marxists and Weberians generally agree, despite the claims of other sociologists such functionalists, new right theorists and postmodernists, that there remain substantial inequalities between different social classes.
As stated earlier, those at the top of the class hierarchy usually have more wealth and more opportunities. Members of this class include single parents and ethnic minorities, but Runciman argued that it was not their status that placed them in this class but their reliance on state benefits.
The dominant values, those of the upper-class, are therefore, transmitted and spread through education. Status and party groups may or may not belong to, or serve the interests of, the same social class.
Cultural capital- the knowledge, skills, and beliefs essential for school success- is also an important factor in educational merit. Marxists have also argued that status divisions are closely linked to class divisions, that is, the class in possession of the greatest proportion of property and wealth will necessarily also possess greater status and power.
Thus, classes are status marked and group conscious strata. This puts them at a straightaway advantage to those at the lower end of the hierarchy.
While the key debate between neo-Marxists and neo-Weberians appears to centre around questions of social class composition, the underlying issues they seek to address are those of class inequality.
Different occupations offer different skills, and skills that are highly valued or in demand will lead to greater rewards.
This is no where more evident than in the social institution of education. Weber had given emphasis on life-style in deciding status group. Class is also a Status Group: Lockwood used Weberian concepts such as market, work and status situation in his study of clerks to argue that, while wages for this group had begun to drop below that of skilled manual labourers, their market position in terms of job security, promotion prospects and benefits still gave them an advantaged position.
Social and Cultural Forms of Modernity.
Weber says that status groups are formed on the basis of prestige and honour. Despite these criticisms, the theories of Marx and Weber have proved an influential basis for most modern sociological theories of class.
Schools accomplish this reproduction of the class system through ideological hegemony, where the dominant belief system, that of the upper-class and even middle-class, is the overriding principle underlying the curriculum and agenda of the educational system.
That is to say, the members of a particular class will have more or less chance of getting good things of life — things such as a high standard of living, leisure etc. However, he gave it less importance than Marx did. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question.
The school you go to often determines what sort of qualifications you obtain, what job you get and, thus, how much money you earn and what class you move into. Other children, typically from working-class backgrounds, are victims of low expectations, both from their parents and internally, and leave school as soon as they can, moving into low-paid jobs near the bottom of the social ladder.
He admits that difference in property can constitute the basis for differences in honour or prestige. Many modern sociologists regard status as the basic criterion of social class. In class system status is achieved, not ascribed.
To the economic dimension Weber added two other dimensions, prestige and power. He believed that once the working class realised the true nature of their exploitation they would rise up and overthrow capitalism.
Other criticisms of Marxist theories of proletarianization include the theory of embourgeoisement. About this resource This Sociology essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies.
The System is Ubiquitous: Class is also related to status dimension.
A class is a stable group. Polity Press in association with the Open University. Nature of Social Class: Sociologists have identified a number of different forms of stratification systems existing in other societies or historic periods, for example, the caste system in traditional India, slavery and feudalism Bilton et alpp.
Marx believed that the relationship between the bourgeoisie and the working class was one of exploitation; the bourgeoisie exploit the working class as the wages workers receive for their labour is a fraction of the market value of the products they produce.
These differentiations may give rise to significant class phenomena only when they develop common sentiments.ADVERTISEMENTS: Read this comprehensive essay on Social Class! One of the important elements of social stratification is the ‘Class’. A social class is ‘a category or group of persons having a definite status in society which permanently determines their relations to other groups’.
Social Class in UK The term “social class” is in UK is a controversial issue,David J Lee said “ The use of the concept class in sociology has come under attack ”. Free coursework on Education And Class from mi-centre.com, the UK essays company for essay, dissertation and coursework writing.
Social class can be defined as a hierarchical order of people (A tiered system with one class above another) within a society, based on their economic, cultural norms or employment status. Social class is often discussed in the terms of social stratification, this refers to the different levels that groups of people consider themselves to be part of or.
Social Class in the United States. It is frequent that people living in the United States prefer to think that we are a nation that no longer has social classes, that all people are much better off than they were one hundred years ago.
Class was a staple part of the British way of life. Today, multiculturalism and a changing economy are gradually eroding the British class system, but some features of the system still remain.
What is Class?
Sociologists define .Download